Mathematics is a creative subject which is essential to everyday life, critical to science, technology and engineering, and necessary for financial literacy and most forms of employment.
A high-quality mathematics education enables children to become fluent in the various concepts of mathematics so that children develop both a secure understanding of these concepts and the ability to recall and apply knowledge rapidly and accurately.
Children will be expected to reason mathematically by following a line of enquiry, making generalisations and developing the use of mathematical language. They will also be expected to solve problems by applying their mathematics to a variety of problems including breaking down problems into a series of simpler steps and persevering in seeking solutions.
Mathematics is an interconnected subject in which pupils need to be able to move between mathematical ideas. The programmes of study are organised into separate strands but children need to make connections across these strands to develop mathematical reasoning and to be able to apply their mathematical knowledge to solve increasingly sophisticated problems.
Children will progress through the programmes of study but the rate at which they move will always be based on the security of their understanding and their readiness to progress to the next stage. When children have grasped a concept they will be challenged through the depth and breadth of problems before any acceleration through new content. Those who are not yet secure with the concept will consolidate their understanding before moving on.